Map of Arab World
















Who is an Arab? There is no agreement on how Arab identity is determined. Arabs are made up of many tribes. An important Arab identity marker is being able to trace one’s ancestry to the tribes of the Arabian Peninsula.


The Arab League consists of countries all across North Africa, the Middle East, and up to Iraq in the east. Not all peoples living in this region are Arab.


Nothing has shaped the Arab's life and thinking more than Islam. Islam originated in Arabia in the seventh century.


Muhammad, the founder of Islam, succeeded in unifying all the tribes of the Arabian Peninsula. Islam rapidly spread throughout North Africa and into Europe and Asia. As a result, these 'sons of the desert' have made a lasting impact on the lives of millions of people, not only Muslims but people from almost every civilization.


Today, most Arabs are Muslim; however, they only make up 20 percent of the world’s Muslim population. About 10 percent of Arabs are Christian. Saudi Arabia sees itself as the custodian of the religion of Islam. Islam’s two most holy sites, Mecca and Medina, are located there.


Arabs have been influenced by the Gospel since New Testament times. Nevertheless, there are many Arab tribes and sub tribes that are unreached by the Gospel.